The Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which people who are worst at a task show the most illusory superiority, rating their own ability as above average (e.g. “shut up I hack you“ :)
Justin Kruger & David Dunning have tested and verified the following predictions:
- Incompetent individuals tend to overestimate their own ability and performance
- Incompetent individuals fail to recognize genuine skill in others (it takes one to know one ;)
- Incompetent individuals fail to recognize the extremity of their inadequacy (“One puzzling aspect of our results is how the incompetent fail, through life experience, to learn that they are unskilled”)
- If they can be trained to substantially improve their own skill level, these individuals can recognize and acknowledge their own previous lack of skill (There is still some hope)
Do you have the confidence that this post isn’t about you?
Think again… (!!!) – “ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge” (Charles Darwin)
Do you think this post is about you?
Might be considered vain but interesting enough, the same research have shown that the top performers tended to underestimate their own performance compared to their peers (see chart below).
So… if you find this post boring, obscure, stupid, annoying, poorly written or inappropriate than please keep in mind it isn’t something I have committed knowingly.